Posts Tagged ‘ early childhood teacher ’

A Study of the Relationship Between Cognitive Emotion Regulation, Optimism, and Perceived Stress Among Selected Teachers in Lutheran Schools

Jan 29th, 2013 |

The problem of this study was to determine the relationship between perceived stress and a specific set of predictor variables among selected teachers in Lutheran schools in the United States. These variables were cognitive emotion regulation strategies (positive reappraisal and rumination) and optimism. The sample consisted of 582 early childhood teachers, 147 participated. They answered three surveys: the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) and the Life Orientation Test Revised (LOT-R). The hypotheses were tested and confirmed. A standard multiple regression revealed that all three independent variables (rumination, positive reappraisal and optimism) are statistically significant predictors of perceived stress for this population of Lutheran teachers. This study shows that as levels of positive reappraisal and optimism increase, perceived stress decreases. This means that reappraising stressful situations in a positive light and having an optimistic outlook on life ameliorates stress. This study also shows that as rumination increases, perceived stress increases as well. This means that dwelling on the negative aspects of stressful situations exacerbates the experience of stress.