Posts Tagged ‘ stress ’

Stress and De-Stress: Perspectives on Mind, Body and Spirit

May 7th, 2014 |

This article will explore the effects of three constructs on stress. The first two, positive reappraisal and rumination are cognitive emotion regulation strategies; the third is optimism. A secular explanation of each construct as it relates to stress will be presented. This article will then submit a biblical perspective on stress and the three constructs. The article will conclude by proposing biblical meditation as a viable solution to the experience of stress.
Psychologist Richard Lazarus known for his cognitive-mediational theory within emotion, was one of the first researchers to explore the relationship between cognition and emotion. He defines psychological stress as the relationship between the person and the environment that is appraised by the person as taxing and endangering quality of life (Lazarus & Folkman 1984). Lazarus argues that defining stress objectively by depending only on environmental conditions is not desirable. He believes that the person-environment relationship that brings stress about is subjective (Lazarus & Lazarus 1994).

A Study of the Relationship Between Cognitive Emotion Regulation, Optimism, and Perceived Stress Among Selected Teachers in Lutheran Schools

Jan 29th, 2013 |

The problem of this study was to determine the relationship between perceived stress and a specific set of predictor variables among selected teachers in Lutheran schools in the United States. These variables were cognitive emotion regulation strategies (positive reappraisal and rumination) and optimism. The sample consisted of 582 early childhood teachers, 147 participated. They answered three surveys: the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) and the Life Orientation Test Revised (LOT-R). The hypotheses were tested and confirmed. A standard multiple regression revealed that all three independent variables (rumination, positive reappraisal and optimism) are statistically significant predictors of perceived stress for this population of Lutheran teachers. This study shows that as levels of positive reappraisal and optimism increase, perceived stress decreases. This means that reappraising stressful situations in a positive light and having an optimistic outlook on life ameliorates stress. This study also shows that as rumination increases, perceived stress increases as well. This means that dwelling on the negative aspects of stressful situations exacerbates the experience of stress.